PROPHETS, LIVES OF THE

PROPHETS, LIVES OF THE
PROPHETS, LIVES OF THE, name given to one of the few examples of ancient Jewish hagiographic writings (another example being the "Martyrdom of Isaiah"). Although in its present form the book contains some Christian elements, there is a general consensus among scholars as to the antiquity and   the basic Jewish character of the work. Many of the traditions, such as that of Isaiah's death at the hands of Manasseh, find echoes in Jewish apocryphal and rabbinic literature (see also martyrdom of isaiah ). The primary text is preserved in Greek. The Greek version falls into four recensions, two attributed to Epiphanius of Cyprus (hence the title "Pseudo-Epiphanius" sometimes given to this work), one to Dorotheus, and one anonymous. The anonymous recension is to be found in Codex Morchalianus (Codex Q of the Septuagint). It is generally considered to be the oldest extant form of the work. Certain of the other recensions, especially that attributed to Dorotheus, are much expanded, containing the lives of various New Testament figures, apostles, and so forth. The "Lives of the Prophets" is also known in a number of the Oriental Churches in translation. There are various Syriac forms of the book which all appear to be developments of a single original translation from Greek. Although it is attributed to Epiphanius, Nestle and Schermann were of the opinion that the form of the Syriac "Lives" contained in the Syrohexaplar Code represents a different translation, but this is denied by Torrey. The "Lives" are also extant in Armenian, in a number of forms, but little is known of this version. Most scholars consider the Greek to be original, although Torrey posited a Hebrew original for the book. The recension of Q contains the lives of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel, followed by the lives of the Twelve Minor Prophets. These are followed by the lives of Nathan, Ahijah, Joed (identified with the anonymous prophet who is mentioned in I Kings 13), Azariah (son of Oded – II Chron. 15:1ff.), Zechariah b. Jehoiada (II Chron. 24:20–22; cf. Matt. 23:35; Luke 11:51), Elijah, and Elisha. Some of these "Lives" are quite extensive, containing many traditions of extra-biblical character touching on the circumstances of birth, acts, or death of the prophet concerned. Others seem to be limited to the very barest of details of place of birth and death. The traditions contained in these brief narratives are of considerable interest. Some of them are found in other sources, others are extant only in the "Lives." It is plausible that the "Lives" preserve references to lost apocryphal documents or at least traditions in common with them. The popular character of many of the traditions also adds to their interest. The "Lives" abound with geographical names, not all of which can be identified. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Nestle, Marginalien und Materialien (1893), 1–64, 2nd pagination; T. Schermann, Propheten-und Apostellegenden (1907); idem, Prophetarum Vitae Fabulosae… (1907); C.C. Torrey, The Lives of the Prophets (Gr. and Eng. 1946). (Michael E. Stone)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lives of the Prophets — The Lives of the Prophets is an ancient apocryphal account of the lives of the authors of the Ketuvim from the Hebrew Bible. It begins with a rather accurate account of what it is attempting to contain:: The names of the prophets, and where they… …   Wikipedia

  • Prophets, The Lives of the — ▪ Judaism       pseudepigraphal collection (not in any scriptural canon) of folk stories and legends about the major and minor biblical prophets and a number of other prophetic figures from the Old Testament books of I Kings, II Chronicles, and… …   Universalium

  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints — Classification Latter Day Saint movement Theology Nontrinitarian, Mormonism Governance …   Wikipedia

  • The Carmelite Order —     The Carmelite Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Carmelite Order     One of the mendicant orders.     Origin     The date of the foundation of the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel has been under discussion from the fourteenth century to …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Sword of Truth — Cover designs for the 11 books of the first edition In Chronological Order[1] …   Wikipedia

  • The Twelve Imams — are the spiritual and political successors to Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, in the Twelver or Ithna Ashariya branch of Shi a Islam.cite encyclopedia| title=Shi ite |year=2007| encyclopedia=Encyclopedia Britannica Online | accessdate=2007 11 06… …   Wikipedia

  • The Quince Tree Press — is the imprint established in 1966 by J. L. Carr to publish his maps, pocket books and novels. Carr, J.L. (1987) An inventory and a history of the Quince Tree Press to mark its 21st year and the sale of its 500,000th small book. August 1987.… …   Wikipedia

  • PROPHETS AND PROPHECY — This article is arranged according to the following outline: in the bible classifications nature of prophecy origin and function dreams divination pre classical prophets terminology group prophecy ecstasy group life of prophets role in society… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • The Seekers (book) — Infobox Book name = The Seekers author = Daniel Boorstin country = United States language = English cover artist = Bernard Klein series = subject = History publisher = Random House release date = 1998 media type = Print (hardcover pages = 298… …   Wikipedia

  • The Dunciad — Alexander Pope The Dunciad /ˈd …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”